Architecture and Construction.  

    1. Use 3d Rhino to model complex 3d forms quickly
    2. Extract 2D corking drawings from 3d models
    3. Analyse falls, surface gadients and contours
    4. Analyse volumes of complex forms
    5. Produce production schemes for amorphous shapes.

 Glasgow Riverside Museum - Architect: Zaha Hadid

Rhino CAD software was used in various aspects of the design and construction of the Riverside Museum at Glasgow. We were able to assist customers with steelwork design, cladding , landscaping, lighting, ceiling panels, fascias and site grading. 

Hard landscaping and site grading.

The civil engineers charged with grading and landscaping this site had a different problem to resolve.

Large areas of the site were to be covered in solid granite square slabs of given sizes. The site had its own natural fall and drainage utilities would need to be accommodated. When laid the maximum displacement at the edges of adjacent slabs was 2mm. Diagonal cuts were not acceptable. There were mounds included in the concept scheme and some of these were to be hard landscaped.

Using Rhino we were able to examine in detail the ability of any proposed landscaping not only to satisfy the architects concept but to satify the essential functions of good site drainage.

It became clear that the initial proposals might require diagonal cuts and risk significant surface ponding. The mounds prooved to be impossible to face completely. 

By producing a new surface model we were able to satisfy the functional requirements. Falls were tested, ponding and diagonal cuts were avoided. Limits in the hard cover extending to the mounds were identified, enabling the landscaping contractor to schedule a working scheme.


 Ceiling Panels

One of the main challenges was to create a ceiling that would mimic the roof form inside the large space enclosed in this building.

In places the clear span was 260ft (almost 80m). The result was a continuous, concertina shaped surface that flows smoothly in complex curved waves through the building. Not only were some panels curved but they would rise or fall and change radius in their length.

The material was glass reinforced plaster. The contractor had no previous experience in working with 3D CAD but the information supplied to him was a 3D CAD model of the ceiling.

He was required to prepare all his own working drawings from that. We worked throughout the project with the contractor and produced: 

- An overall determination of the area of material required.

- A breakdown into the areas sufficiently flat to be accommodated in the natural flexibility of the material. 

- Identify areas where the compound curvature required special moulds for individual panel production.

  - Produce working models, schedules and schematics for mould manufacture, enabling the production of complex bespoke component panels   




The cladding company needed to extract from the building model practical panel sizes laid out exactly to a workable installation pattern.  Several practical problems began to emerge in the concept model supplied to the contractor. 

Our role was to rebuild the concept model without compromising the intentions of the architect.

In the rebuilding we were able to produce a model that was more efficient to work with enabling the contractor to proceed. In some of the more difficult areas of the structure we assisted the contractor with detailed geometry that had not been specified in the concept modelling.

- development of panels that would 'span' the eaves, where they often had a diagonal alignment.

- internal drainage access at the eaves.

- details at plant rooms.